European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research -

COST Action C11

Bibliography

Please email any references you would like to add.
Any recommendations by outsiders (not COSTC11 members) will be gratefully received and considered for inclusion

Bibliography and References

References provided by:

Klaus Wagner

Natural Resources - National Report of the Interreg IIC Project 97005 A,
Ministery of Agriculture, Forestry, Water Management and Environment, Vienna 2001 (multifunctional evaluation approach of green space)

Vienna, Green Network, Urban Structural Planning for Vienna, Municipal Department 18, Vienna, 1996 (green space of Vienna in the legal framework)

Anne Beer

London's greenspaces (available on internet - click here) - Research by the London Assembly shows that up to 1000 ha of greenspace in the capital has been lost to development over the last 10 years. In the same period spending on Parks has fallen from £683m in 1990 to £583m in 1999. The city is facing a catastrophic decline in its greenspaces

Open space standards - Canadian Cities - includes some useful comparisons

Crime in open spaces

The following references relate to literature in english - some are rather dated but have been included as still have relevance - I realise that it needs substantial up-dating but is provided here only as a starter for everybody in the group - Anne

Fear of Crime and perception of safety

People and Place in the urban environment

Environmental Settings and the Quality of Life

Understanding User Needs in urban areas

Urban Environmental Planning

Fear of Crime and perception of safety

Benyon J, 1993, Disadvantage, politics and disorder, Centre for the Study of Public Order, Leicester University: Leicester.

Coleman Alice, 1988, in Sime J.D. ed, Safety in the built environment , E&F Spon:London.

Foster J et al, 1993, Housing, community and crime: the impact of priortity estates project, Home Office Research Study 131.

Mitchell P ed, 1987, Vandalism, a state of the art review, Capital Planning Information:Stamford.

Newman O., 1972, Defensible space: people and design in the violent city, Architectural Press: London.

Oc T and Trench S, 1993, Safe cities: nocturnal movements, The Surveyor, 179 (5224) 12-14

Painter Kate,1989, Crime prevention and public lighting with special focus on women and elderly people, Hammersmith and Fulham London Borough.

Poyner B, 1983, Design against crime, Butterworths:London.

Smith SJ, 1987, Design against crime, Property Management, 1987, 5(2) 146-150.

Fear of Crime and perception of safety

People and Place in the urban environment

Environmental Settings and the Quality of Life

Understanding User Needs in urban areas

Urban Environmental Planning

People and Place in the urban environment

Alexander C. et al, 1977, A Pattern Language, Oxford University Press,: New York.

Beer, Anne and Higgins Catherine, 2000 second edition, Environmental Planning for Site Development, E&FN Spon, Taylor and Francis: London. p141-210

Cooper Marcus, Clare and Sarkissian, Wendy , 1986, Housing as if People Mattered, University of California Press: Berkeley.

Cooper Marcus C and Francis C, 1990, People Places - design guidelines for urban open spaces, van Nostrand Reinhold, New York

Crawford, J.H.,2000, Carfree Cities (Utrecht: International Books ).

Greenbie B., 1974, Design for Diversity, Elsevier: Amsterdam.

Greenbie B., 1981, Spaces: Dimensions of the Human Landscape, Yale University Press: New Haven.

Harrison, Carolyn and Burgess, Jacquelin, 1988, Qualitative research and open space policy, The Planner, Nov. 1988, 16-18.

Kaplan, Stephen & Rachel, 1982, Humanscape, Environments for People, Ulrich: Ann Arbor.

Kaplan, Stephen & Rachel, 1989, Experience of Nature, a Psychological Perspective, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge.

Lynch K. and Hack G., 1984, Site Planning, MIT Press: Cambridge.

Rutledge A., 1971, Anatomy of a Park , McGraw - Hill, New York.

Altman and E.H.Zube eds.., Public Places and Spaces, Human Behaviour and Environment, Advances in Theory and Research. Volume 10, I., 1989, Plenum

Have a look at: Urban areas and the car - Carfree design

 

Fear of Crime and perception of safety

People and Place in the urban environment

Environmental Settings and the Quality of Life

Understanding User Needs in urban areas

Urban Environmental Planning

Environmental Settings and the Quality of Life

Appleton, J. (1975) The Experience of Landscape, John Wiley, New York.

pleyard, D. and Lintell, M. (1982) Environmental quality of city streets: the residents' viewpoint. In Kaplan, S. and R. Humanscape: Environments for People, Ulrich's Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Burgess, Jacquelin, Limb, Melanie and Harrison, Carolyn (1988) Exploring environmental values through the medium of small groups. Part One and Part Two. Environment and Planning A,20.

Canter, D. (1977) The Psychology of Place, Architectural Press,. London.

Cranz, Galen, The Politics of Park Design, 1989, MIT Press, Cambridge

Hass-Klau, Carmen, The Pedestrian and the City, 1990, Belhaven Press, London and New York

Francis M. and Hester R. eds., The Meaning of Gardens, 1998, MIT Press

Carr, S. (1982) Some criteria for environmental form. In Kaplan, S. and R. Humanscape: Environments for People, Ulrich's Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Coleman, Alice (1986) Utopia on Trial, Hilary Shipman, London.

Farber, S.M. (1982) Quality of living, stress and creativity. In Kaplan, S. and R. Humanscape: Environments for People, Ulrich's Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Greenbie, B.B. (1974) Social territory, community health and urban planning. Journal of the American Institute of Planners , 40, 74-82.

Greenbie, B. (1976) Design for Diversity, Elsevier, Amsterdam.

Greenbie, B.B. (1981) Spaces: Dimensions of the Human Landscape, Yale University Press, New Haven.

Greenbie, B.B. (1989) Space and Spirit in Modern Japan, Yale University Press, New Haven.

Hall, E.T. (1966) The Hidden Dimension, Doubleday, New York.

Harrison, Carolyn and Burgess, Jacquelin (1988) Qualitative research and open space policy, The Planner, Nov. 1988,16-18.

Hebb, D. O. (1982) The causes of fear. In Kaplan, S. and R. Humanscape: Environments for People, Ulrich's Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Kaplan, S. (1973) Cognitive maps, human needs and the designed environment. In Environmental Design Research (ed. W.F.E. Preiser), Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsberg, Pa.

Kaplan,S. (1982) Attention and fascination: the search for cognitive clarity. In Kaplan, S. and R. Humanscape: Environments for People, Ulrich's Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Lynch, K. and Hack, G (1985) Site Planning, MIT, Cambridge.

Maslow, A.H. (1967) A theory of metamotivation: the biological rooting of the value-life. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 7, 93-127.

Millward, Alison and Mostyn, Barbara (1989) People and nature in cities, Urban Wildlife Journal: No. 2, NCC publication, London.

Newman, O. (1972) Defensible Space, Macmillan, New York.

Relf, E. (1976) Place and Placelessness, Pion, London.

Rutledge, A.J. (1985)The Visual Approach to Park Design, John Wiley, New York.

Smardon,R. C. and Palmer, J.F. and Felleman, J.P. (eds)(1986) Foundations for Visual Project Analysis, John Wiley, New York.

Sommer, R . (1969) Personal Space: the Behavioural Basis of Design, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.

Washburn, S. (1972) Aggressive behaviour and human evolution. In Social Change and Human Behaviour (ed. G.V.Coelho and E.A.Rubenstein) NIMH, Washington DC.

Watt, E.F. (1982) Man's efficient rush towards deadly dullness. In Kaplan, S. and R.

Humanscape: Environments for People, Ulrich's Books, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Westminster City Council (1980) Living at High Densities, London.

Fear of Crime and perception of safety

People and Place in the urban environment

Environmental Settings and the Quality of Life

Understanding User Needs in urban areas

Urban Environmental Planning

Understanding User Needs in Urban Spaces

 

Appleby, M. (1978) Organizing participatory public decisions, paper presented to 9th World Congress of Sociology, Uppsala, Sweden, Division of Environmental and Urban Systems, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburgh, Virginia.

Beer, Anne and Schildwacht, Peter, 2001, User needs in a high density housing area -key issues as identified by the local population

Coleman, Alice (1986) Utopia on Trial, Hilary Shipman, London.

Cooper Marcus, Clare and Sarkissian, Wendy (1986) Housing as if People Mattered, University of California Press, Berkeley.

Department of the Environment (1981) Survey of tenants Attitudes to recently completed estates, HMSO, London.

Findlay, A. et al (1989) Whose quality of life, The Planner, 75, no.15.

Harrison, Carolyn, Limb, Melanie and Burgess, Jacquelin (1987) Nature in the city, Journal of Environmental Management , 25, 347-362.

Harrison, Carolyn and Burgess, Jacquelin (1988) Qualitative research and open space policy, The Planner, Nov 1988.

Heder, L. and Francis, M. 1977) Quality of life assessment: the Harvard Square planning workshops". In eds Finsterbush & Wolf The Methodology of Social Impact Assessment, Dowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Stroudsberg, Pa.

Hester, R.T. (1983) Process can be style, participation and conservation in Landscape Architecture, Landscape Architecture, May/June 1983.

Rogerson, R.J., Morris, A.S., Finlay A.M. and Paddison, R. (1989) Britain's Intermediate Cities: a comparative study of the quality of life, Glasgow Quality of Life Group, Department of Geography, University of Glasgow.

Rutledge, A.J. (1985) A Visual Approach to Park Design, John Wiley, New York.

Whyte, W.H. (1980a) A guide to people watching. In Cooper-Hewitt Museum, The Smithsonian Institution's National Museum of Design, Urban Open Space, Rizzoli Publications, New York.

Whyte, W.H. (1980b) The Social Life of Small Urban Spaces, The Conservation Foundation, Washington, DC.

Wurman, R.S., Levy, A. and Katz, J. (1972) The Nature of Recreation.

Fear of Crime and perception of safety

People and Place in the urban environment

Environmental Settings and the Quality of Life

Understanding User Needs in urban areas

Urban Environmental Planning

Urban Environmental Planning

Beer, Anne, and Higgins Catherine, 2000, Environmental Planning for Site Development,E&FN Spon, London and New York

Hough M., 1983, City Form and Natural Process, Croom Helm, London.

Lyle, John, 1996, Regenerative design for sustainable development, Wiley, New York

Lynch K & Hack G., 1985, Site Planning, MIT Cambridge.

Owen S., 1991, Planning Settlements Naturally, Packard: Chichester.

Spirn Ann, 1984, The Granite Garden, Basic Books NY

EC , 1990, The Green Paper on the Urban Environment , Commission of the European Communities: Brussels.

Fear of Crime and perception of safety

People and Place in the urban environment

Environmental Settings and the Quality of Life

Understanding User Needs in urban areas

Urban Environmental Planning

back to Bibliography Menu at top of page

Anna Jorgensen

Benefits of Nature 

Anna Jorgensen, 2001,Why is it important to encourage nature and wildlife near the home? Online Paper prepared for Utrecht City - Overvecht project

Bibliography on benefits of Nature - prepared for the Utrecht- Overvecht project

Ash, H.A., Bennett, R. and Scott, R. 1992. Flowers in the Grass. English Nature, Peterborough, England.

Bang, C., Braute, J. and Kohen, B. 1989. Naturleikplassen. Ein Stad for Leik og Laering. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, Norway.

Barker, G. 1997. A framework for the future: green networks with multiple uses in and around towns and cities. English Nature, Peterborough, England.

Burgess, J., Harrison, C.M. and Limb, M. 1988. People, parks and the urban green: a study of popular meanings and values for open spaces in the city. Urban Studies, 25: 455-473.

Bussey, S.C., 1996. Public uses, preferences and perceptions of urban woodlands in Redditch. Doctoral Dissertation. University of Central England. (Unpublished.)

Coleman, A. 1985. Utopia on Trial. Vision and Reality in Planned Housing. Hilary Shipman Ltd, London, England.

Coley, R.L., Kuo, F.E. and Sullivan, W.C., 1997. Where does community grow? The social context created by nature in urban public housing. Environment and Behaviour, 29(4): 468-494.

Dai, L. 2000. Public perception of naturalistic herbaceous vegetation in urban landscape and key elements that determine response. Master's dissertation. University of Sheffield Department of Landscape. (Unpublished.)

Dowse, S., 1987. Landscape design guidelines for recreational woodlands in the urban fringe. Master's dissertation. University of Manchester. (Unpublished.)

Faber Taylor, A., Wiley, A., Kuo, F.E. and Sullivan, W.C., 1998. Growing up in the inner city- green spaces as places to grow. Environment and Behaviour, 30(1): 3-27.

Faber Taylor, A., Kuo, F.E. and Sullivan, W.C. 2001. Coping with ADD. The surprising connection to green play settings. Environment and Behaviour, 33(1): 54-77.

Fjortoft, I. 1995. Fysisk miljo og sansemotorisk stimulering. Forsknings og udviklingsarbeid med barn I naturen. Kroppsoving 1 s.2-5.

Fjortoft, I. 1998. Ut i skoven- opp i traerne! Naturen- et sted for lek og laering. In:Konferensrapport. Barn og Friluftliv. Friluftsframjandet.

Fjortoft, I. 1999. The natural environment as a playground for children. The impact of outdoor play activities in pre-primary school children. In: Proceedings of OMEP's 22nd World Congress and 50th Anniversary on the child's right to care, play and education. Copenhagen, Denmark.

Fjortoft, I. and Sageie, J. 2000. The natural environment as a playground for children. Landscape description and analyses of a natural playscape. Landscape and Urban Planning, 48: 83-97.

Francis, K. 1996. Physical activity in the prevention of cardio-vascular disease. Physical Therapy, 76(5): 456-468.

Givoni, B., 1991. Impact of planted areas on urban environmental quality: a review. Atmospheric Environment, 25B(3): 289-299.

Grahn, P. 1991. Om Parkers Betydelse. Stad & Land 93. Sveriges Landbruksuniversitet, Alnarp, Sweden.

Grahn, P., Martensson, F., Lindblad, B., Nilsson and P. Ekman, A. 1997. Ute pa Dagis. Stad & Land 45: Movium, Sveriges Landbruksuniversitet, Alnarp, Sweden.

Hartig, T., Staats, H. and Maris, E. 1998. On relations between environmental preference and well-being. Paper presented for discussion in an intensive session on issues in environmental evaluation research and its application at the 15th conference of the International Association for People-Environment Studies (IAPS), Eindhoven, The Netherlands, 14-17 July, 1998.

Hull, R.B., Lam, M. and Vigo, G. 1994. Place identity: symbols of self in the urban fabric. Landscape and Urban Planning, 28: 109-120.

Jorgensen, A., Hitchmough, J. and Calvert, T. In press. Space and edge interaction and its impact on perception of safety and preference in urban parks and greenspaces. Landscape and Urban Planning.

Jorgensen, A. In progress. Research for doctoral thesis on public perception of woodland as a setting for dwellings and new settlements, Department of Landscape, University of Sheffield. For information contact A. Jorgensen- email: alp99abj@shef.ac.uk.

Kaplan, R. and Kaplan, S. 1989. The Experience of Nature. Cambridge University Press.

Klibanski, A., Adams-Campbell, L., Bassford, T., Blair, S.N. Boden, S.D., Dickersin, K., Gifford, D.R., Glasse, L., Goldring, S.R., Hruska, K., Johnson, S.R., McCauley, L.K. and Russell, W.E. 2001. Osteoporosis prevention, diagnosis, and therapy. Journal of the American Medical Association, 285(6): 785-795.

Kuo, F.E. 2001. Coping with poverty. Impacts of environment and attention in the inner city. Environment and Behaviour, 33(1): 5-34.

Kuo, F.E., Bacaicoa, M. and Sullivan, W.C. 1998. Transforming inner-city landscapes. Trees, sense of safety and preference. Environment and Behaviour, 30(1): 28-59.

Kweon, B., Sullivan, W.C. and Wiley, A.R., 1998. Green common spaces and the social integration of inner city older adults. Environment and Behaviour, 30(6): 832-858.

Leopold, R. 1996. A provider of opportunities. Landscape Design, May: 41-44.

Leather, P., Pyrgas, M., Beale, D. and Lawrence, C., 1998. Windows in the workplace - sunlight, view and occupational stress. Environment and Behaviour, 30(6): 739-762.

Le Corbusier. (Jeanneret, C.E.). 1923. Vers une Architecture. Translated into English by F. Etchells, 1974. Architectural Press.

Lickorish, S., Luscombe, G. and Scott, R. 1997. Wildflowers Work. Landlife, Liverpool, England.

Luymes, D.T. and Tamminga, D. 1995.Integrating public safety and use into planning urban greenways. Landscape and Urban Planning, 33: 391-400.

MaAuley, E., Blissmer, S., Marquez, D.X., Jerome, G.J., Kramer, A.F. and Katula, J. 2000. Social relations, physical activity, and well-being in older adults. Preventive Medicine, 31(5): 608-617.

Moore, E.O., 1982. A prison environment's effect on health care service demands. Journal of Environmental Systems, 11(1): 17-34.

Mynott, L. In progress. Research on public perception of naturalistic herbaceous plantings in urban settings in progress in the Department of Landscape, University of Sheffield. Contact N. Dunnett for details- email: n.dunnett@shef.ac.uk

Palleschi, L., De Gennaro, E., Sottosanti, G., Vetta, F., Ronzoni, S., Lato, P.F.A. and Marigliano, V. 1998. The role of exercise training in aged subjects with anxiety-depression syndrome. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics, 381-384, Suppl. 6.

Paluska, S.A. and Shwenk, T.L. 2000. Physical activity and mental health - current concepts. Sports Medicine. 29(3): 167-180.

Parsons, R., 1991. The potential influences of environmental perception on human health. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 11:1-23.

Parsons, R. 1995. Conflict between ecological sustainability and environmental aesthetics: conundrum, canärd or curiosity. Landscape and Urban Planning, 32: 227-244.

Parsons, R., Tassinary, L.G., Ulrich, R.S., Hebl, M.R. and Grossman-Alexander, M., 1998. The view from the road: implications for stress recovery and immunization. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 18:113-139.

Purcell, A.T. and Lamb, R.J. 1998. Preference and naturalness: an ecological approach. Landscape and Urban Planning. 42: 57-66.

Reneman, D., Visser, M., Edelmann, E. and Mors, B. 1999. Mensenwensen. De Wensen van Nederlanders ten aanzien van Natuur en groen in de Leefomgeving. Reeks Operatie Boomhut nummer 6. Intomart, Hilversum. Ministerie van Landbouw, Natuurbeheer en Visserij, Den Haag.

Rennie, L. 1993. A controlled trial of exercise by residents of old people's homes. Age and Aging, 22(1): 11-15.

Ruuskanen, J.M. and Ruoppila, I. 1995. Physical activity and psychological well-being among people aged 65 to 84 years. Age and Aging, 24(4): 292-296.

Satoh, T., Sakurai, I., miyagi, K. and Hoshaku, Y. 1995. Walking exercise and improved neurological functioning in elderly patients with cardiac disease. Journal of Internal Medicine, 238(5): 423-428.

Ulrich, R.S. 1984. View through a window may influence recovery from surgery. Science, 224: 420-421.

Ulrich, R.S. Simons, R.F., Losito, B.D., Fiorito, E., Miles, M.A. and Zelson, M. 1991. Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 11: 201-230.

West, M.J., 1985. Landscape views and stress response in the prison environment. Master's dissertation. University of Washington, Seattle, WA. (Unpublished.)

Weyerer, S. ands Kupfer, B. 1994. Physical exercise and psychological health. Sports Medicine, 17(2): 108-116.

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Stephan Pauleit - D

LH München, 1991a. Statistisches Jahrbuch München 1991. Statistisches Amt (Eds.), München, 291 pp.

LÖK (Lehrstuhl für Landschaftsökologie, TU München), 1983. Kartierung schutzwürdiger Lebensräume in München. Final report for. Umweltschutzreferat, LH München, Freising, 117 pp., unpub.

Pauleit S., Duhme F., 2000. Assessing the Environmental Performance of Land Cover Types for Urban Planning. Journal of Landscape and Urban Planning (in press).

Lucia Martincigh

Università degli studi Roma Tre

Dipartimento diPROGETTAZIONE E SCIENZE DELL'ARCHITETTURAVia della Madonna dè Monti, 40 - 00184 Roma - tel. 06 4815694/4822068 fax 4818625 C.F. /P. IVA 04400441004

 

Bibliography

(work in progress)

 

Green and leisure:

Books:

1. Beretta, R.: "Composizione e costruzione dei giardini", Edagricole, Bologna, 1970;

2. Campitelli, A.: "Le ville a Roma 1870-1930", Argos , Roma, 1994;

3. Cassetti, R.: "Metropoli e qualità dell'ambiente", Gangemi, Roma, 1992;

4. Cerami, G.: "Il giardino e la città. Parco urbano in Europa", Laterza, Roma, 1996;

5. Fariello, F.: "Parchi e zone verdi nella struttura urbana" , Edizioni dell'Ateneo, Scipioni, Roma 1969;

6. Zoppi M. & Co.: "Progettare con il verde", vol. 1 Verde di città, vol. 2 Vuoti urbani, vol.3 Il giardino da abitare, vol. 4 Storia e tipi. Vol. 5 I giardini pensili; Edizioni Alinea, Firenze, 1990;

 

Magazines:

1. "Giardino bioacustico", in Domus, 1996;

 

Green and urban planning:

Books:

1. Arup O., and Partners: "The green construction handbook", Jt Design Building, Bristol, 1993;

2. Bateson G., "Mente e natura", Adelphi, Milano, 1984;

3. Benedetti C.: "Manuale di architettura bioclimatica", Maggioli Editore, Bologna, 1994;

4. Beretta, R.: "Composizione e costruzione dei giardini", Edagricole, Bologna, 1970;

5. Bettini, V.: "Elementi di ecologia urbana", Einaudi, Torino, 1996;

6. Botero M., (a cura di), "Spazio e conoscenza nella costruzione dell'ambiente", Franco Angeli, Milano, 1991;

7. Cassetti, R.: "Metropoli e qualità dell'ambiente", Gangemi, Roma, 1992;

8. Cazzani, A.: "Architettura del verde. Casi italiani", BE-MA Ed., Milano,1994;

9. Cerami, G.: "Il giardino e la città. Parco urbano in Europa", Laterza, Roma, 1996;

10. Crosbie M.J.: "Green architecture: a guide for sustainable design", Rockport Publisher, Massachusetts, 1994;

11. Di Fidio M.: "Architettura del paesaggio. Criteri di pianificazione e costruzione con numerosi schemi e illustrazioni", Pirola Editore, II edizione, Milano, 1985;

12. Fariello, F.: "Architettura dei giardini", Edizioni dell'Ateneo, Roma,1965;

13. Fariello, F.: "Parchi e zone verdi nella struttura urbana" , Edizioni dell'Ateneo, Scipioni, Roma 1969;

14. Gambino, R: "Progetti per l'ambiente", Franco Angeli, 1996;

15. La Rocca F., "Tecniche della natura in architettura, Percorsi della biologia nella teoria progettuale", Rimini , 1997, Maggioli Editore;

16. Malcevschi S.: "Reti ecologiche ed interventi di miglioramento ambientale: aspetti teorici e schede pratiche", Il Verde Editoriale, Milano, 1996;

17. Mc Harg I. L. : "Progettare con la natura", Franco Muzzio Editore, Padova, 1988;

18. Muscara, C.: "Piani, parchi, paesaggi", Laterza, Bari, 1995;

19. Oneto, G.: "Manuale di pianificazione del paesaggio",Il Sole 24 ore, Pirola, Milano, 1997;

20. Orlandi, A.: "Il paesaggio della città. Spazi aperti, giardini, parchi e struttura urbana" Gangemi, Roma, 1994;

21. Pietrucci C., "Sostenibilità delle risorse urbane nella gestione del patrimonio ecologico", in Analisi e Piani per la Riqualificazione Ambientale", di Marinelli A.M., Edizioni Librerie Dedalo, Roma 1996;

22. Pignatti,S: "L'ecosistema a Roma, ambiente e territorio: conoscenze attuali e prospettive per il Duemila", Palombi, Roma, 1995;

23. Regione Emilia Romagna, a cura di M.L. Boriani: "Progettare le aree verdi", CLUEB, Bologna, 1987;

24. Scandurra, E.: "L'ambiente e l'uomo", Etas libri, Milano, 1995;

25. Vale B. e R.: "Green Architecture: design for a sustainable future", Thames and Hudson, London 1991;

26. Zoppi M. & Co.: "Progettare con il verde", vol. 1 Verde di città, vol. 2 Vuoti urbani, vol.3 Il giardino da abitare, vol. 4 Storia e tipi. Vol. 5 I giardini pensili; Edizioni Alinea, Firenze, 1990;

 

Magazines:

1. "Progettare con il verde", in Abitare n° 331, 1994, vol 3;

2. Dodd J.: "Greenscape 5 green cities", in Architects' Journal 10 may 1989;

3. Fianchini M., "I contratti di quartiere", in Ambiente Costruito, n.4, october/december 1999;

4. Istituto Regionale di Ricerca della Lombardia, "Bonifica, riconversione e valorizzazione ambientale del bacino dei fiumi Lambro, Seveso e Olona", in Urbanistica - Quaderni, n.2, 1995;

5. Perris R., "Micropaesaggi urbani", in Bollettino D.I.P.E., 4 december 1987, vol1;

6. Scrivens S., "Landscape update - 23 urban planting", in Architect's Journal, 15 february 1989;

7. Tremendelli, C., "Un territorio per crescere", in Paesaggio Urbano, n.2, march/april 1997;

 

Green and urban rehabilitation:

Books:

1. A.T.I.: "Ruolo del verde urbano nel migliorare il comfort termico e ridurre i consumi di climatizzazione", - Memoria presentata al 43° Congresso Nazionale dell'Associazione Termotecnica Italiana, Ancona, 20-23 settembre 1998;

2. Agostoni F., Marinoni C.M.: "Manuale di progettazione di spazi verdi", Zanichelli Editore, Bologna,1991;

3. Bruschi, S.: "Il verde pubblico: tipologie, progetti, attuazione, normative tecniche, gestione", La Nuova Italia Scientifica, Roma, 1991;

4. Cianciullo A., Gallo C.: "Costruire con il sole, uno sguardo al passato per progettare il futuro", Ises Italia, 1995;

5. Gallo C.: "Architettura bioclimatica", ENEA, Roma, 1996;

6. Herzog T.: "Solar energy in architecture and urban planning", Prestel, 1996;

7. Odone, P.: "II verde urbano", Comune di Torino, Servizio Giardini e Alberate, La Nuova Italia Scientifica., Roma, 1992;

8. Rub H.: "Ajardinamientos urbanos. Limites, Plazas y caminos", Ed. Gili ,Barcellona, 1986;

9. Sala M., Ceccherini Nelli L.: "Tecnologie solari", Edizioni Alinea, Firenze, 1993;

10. Sala M.: "Tecnologie bioclimatiche in Europa", Edizioni Alinea, Firenze, 1994;

11. Zoppi M. & Co.: "Progettare con il verde", vol. 1 Verde di città, vol. 2 Vuoti urbani, vol.3 Il giardino da abitare, vol. 4 Storia e tipi. Vol. 5 I giardini pensili; Edizioni Alinea, Firenze, 1990;

 

Magazines:

1. "La riqualificazione del paesaggio urbano. Spazi pubblici tra artificiale e naturale", in Arredo urbano n.45, 1991, vol 2.;

2. "Progetto, sostenibilità, spazi urbani", in Costruire in laterizio, 4 december, 1987;

3. "Sinopie 8" - numero monografico sulla bioarchitettura, Editrice Progetti, Milano, 1993;

4. "Sun, Shade e Shelter near Building", in Landscape Design, n. 197, 1991;

5. Antoniacci F., "Sulla via dei Romei", in Paesaggio Urbano, n. 4, july/august, 1999;

6. Bianchetti F., "Il lungolago di Baveno", in Paesaggio Urbano, n.2, march/april 1998;

7. Braida A.: "Un muro verde", in Costruire, n. 153, Feb 1996, vol 1;

8. De Rocco, P., "Il giardino di Laerte", in Paesaggio Urbano, n. 2, march/april 1996;

9. Di Cara F., "Dalla scuola alla città", in Paesaggio Urbano, n. 1, january/february 2000;

10. Dodd J.: "Greenscape 5 green cities", in Architects' Journal 10 may 1989;

11. Eble and Sambeth: "Una fabbrica in verde", in Costruire, n. 134, 1994, vol 2.;

12. Scudo, G. "Una nuova alleanza tra natura e tecnologia", in Ambiente Costruito, n. 4 october/december 1999;

13. Vallerini, L.: "Spazi aperti e sistema del verde a Padova" - Urbanistica, n……, 1986/87;

 

Green and children:

Books:

1. Zoppi M. & Co.: "Progettare con il verde", vol. 1 Verde di città, vol. 2 Vuoti urbani, vol.3 Il giardino da abitare, vol. 4 Storia e tipi. Vol. 5 I giardini pensili; Edizioni Alinea, Firenze, 1990;

 

Green and elderly:

Books:

1. Zoppi M. & Co.: "Progettare con il verde", vol. 1 Verde di città, vol. 2 Vuoti urbani, vol.3 Il giardino da abitare, vol. 4 Storia e tipi. Vol. 5 I giardini pensili; Edizioni Alinea, Firenze, 1990;

 

Greenways:

Magazines:

1. Maternini, G., Pezzagno, M., "La progettazione delle greenway", in Le Strade, n. 1/2, january/february 2000;

2. Zandonella Necca D., Ziman Scudo K., "La greenway della battaglia di Pavia", in Ambiente Costruito, n.1, january/march 2000;

 

The vegetation

Giardini L.: "Agronomia generale, ambientale e aziendale", Pàtron Editore , IV edizione, Bologna, 1992;

2. Trevisiol E. R., Parancola S.: "Manuale di biofitodepurazione, risanamento delle acque e processi di rinaturalizzazione", Edicom., Monfalcone (GO), 1995;

 

 

 

A short selection of italian texts on green topics case studies

 

 

Green and leisure:

- Comune di Roma, Assessorato alle Politiche Ambientali ed Agricole - Dipartimento Ambiente, "Parco dell'Appia Antica - Valle della Caffarella", s.a. (brochure)

 

Green and urban planning:

- Comune di Roma, Assessorato alle Politiche del territorio - Dipartimento Politiche del Territorio, Ufficio Nuovo Piano Regolatore, "Le citta di Roma - Verso il nuovo piano regolatore", s.l, s.a,. (brochure)

- Comune d Roma, Assessorato alle Politiche del territorio - Dipartimento Politiche del Territorio, Ufficio Nuovo Piano Regolatore, "Le citta di Roma - Verso il nuovo piano regolatore", s.l., november 1999 (brochure)

- Scudo, G. "Una nuova alleanza tra natura e tecnologia", in Ambiente Costruito, n. 4 october/december 1999;

- Pietrucci C., "Sostenibilità delle risorse urbane nella gestione del patrimonio ecologico", in Analisi e Piani per la Riqualificazione Ambientale", di Marinelli A.M., Edizioni Librerie Dedalo, Roma 1996;

- Istituto Regionale di Ricerca della Lombardia, "Bonifica, riconversione e valorizzazione ambientale del bacino dei fiumi Lambro, Seveso e Olona", in Urbanistica - Quaderni, n.2, 1995

 

Green and urban rehabilitation:

- Comune di Roma, Assessorato alle Politiche del territorio - Dipartimento Politiche del Territorio, Ufficio per le periferie, "Le citta di Roma - Fidene", s.a. (leaflet)

- Comune di Roma, Assessorato alle Politiche Ambientali ed Agricole - Dipartimento Ambiente, Competition for the "Layout of green courtyards, walls and roofs of Rome" (at the WEB site: www.comune.roma.it/uspel/microriquallbandocortili/testo.htm)

- Fianchini december 1999;M., "I contratti di quartiere", in Ambiente Costruito, n.4, october/

Green and children:

- Comune di Roma, Assessorato alle Politiche del territorio - Piano Regolatore per le bambine e i bambini, "Il paese dei giganti", s.a. (brochure and CD Rom)

- Comune di Roma, Assessorato Politiche del territorio - Piano Regotatore per le bambine e i bambini, "Il cortile dei quattro cantoni - Il parco di Centocelle", s.a. (poster);

- Tremendelli, C., "Un territorio per crescere", in Paesaggio Urbano, n. 2, march/april 1997;

- Di Cara F., "Dalla scuola alla città", in Paesaggio Urbano, n. 1, january/february 2000;

Green and elderly:

- De Rocco, P., "Il giardino di Laerte", in Paesaggio Urbano, n. 2, march/april 1996

 

Greenways: see also

- Maternini, G., Pezzagno, M., "La progettazione delle greenway", in Le Strade, n. 1/2, january/february 2000

- Zandonella Necca D., Ziman Scudo K., "La greenway della battaglia di Pavia", in Ambiente Costruito, n.1, january/march 2000;

- Bianchetti F., "Il lungolago di Baveno", in Paesaggio Urbano,n.2, march/april 1998;

- Antoniacci F., "Sulla via dei Romei", in Paesaggio Urbano, n. 4, july/august, 1999;

 back to Bibliography Menu at top of page

Kestutis Zaleckis

Environmental psychology - prefered environments
-De Young R. Environmental Psychology. Encyclopedia of Environmental Science. Hingman, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 1999.741p.  

Ewa Kaliszuk

Polish literature on greenspace

Czerwieniec M., Lewi_ska J., 1996, Greens in Town, Institute of Physical planning and municipal Economy, Warszawa, p. 82 (in Polish)

 

The book consists of 8 chapters with the following problems discussed over:

The ecological function of greens widely discussed (their influence on air quality and ventylation, bioclimatic changes, noise reduction, water circulation, geomorphological processes etc.);

The aesthetic role of greens;

Recreational, didactic and economic function of greens.

As an annex there are enclosed the lists of the number of species (trees and bushes), which have proved their resistance to anthropopresion &endash; air and soil pollution, shadow and wind speed. Each of them is recommended for different land use and land cover types.

The final part of the book has the standards of greens coming from various periods, but not obligatory nowadays (distance from buildings, infrastructure elements as well as distance between different tree spices etc.).

 

Smogorzewski J. 1968, The Pattern of the Urban Open Spaces, Seria prac w_asnych No 157, Warszawa, p.143 (in Polish)

 

One of the first detailed elaboration describes the urban open spaces. It gives their definition, present the structure and pattern as well as their role in urban area (on different levels &endash; social, structural, natural etc.). The Open Spaces are divided into three main groups because of their localisation in three different urban zones: inner one with dense building, transition zone with intensive structure changes and external zone with slowly changes and the open space domination. According to the function of the urban open spaces the main standards are established e.g. number of square meter per inhabitant, minimum distance to the recreational area, length and width of the open space belts etc (they do not exist officially nowadays). The general principles of open spaces planning and design are presented as well e.g. connectivity with the other open spaces inside and out of the city, their proper pattern are suggested etc.

 

 

Szulczewska B., Kaftan J.(ed.), 1996, Shaping of the Town Natural System, Institute of Physical planning and municipal Economy, Warszawa, s. 72 (in Polish)

 

The book consists of 5 chapters. The history of greenstructure and green open spaces planning, mainly in Poland, is presented at the beginning. Then the changes of the town natural environment are introduced (shortly each component is discussed &endash; process and tendency of its changes). The main part of the book focuses on describing the Town Natural System concept, its assumptions and structural elements (core areas, nodes, ecological corridors), its role in creating the town/urban condition on three levels biological, hydrological and climatic. The general principles of the TNS concept implementation in planning practice are listed at the end.

 

Szuma_ski M., et all, 1994, The green area classification, Diariusz Katedry Projektowania w Architekturze Krajobrazu No 1, SGGW Publishers, Warsaw (in Polish)

 

An example of Warsaw Agricultural University periodic written by landscape architects, whose research have been focused on classifying the urban green area according to its social role &endash; mainly recreational. They widely present new classification of the urban green area, which consists of the main seventh types: parks, the other small green area (max. 2 ha), cemeteries, sports area, recreational centre and resort, allotment gardens, service base of green area. Each of them is consists of more detailed groups of green area e.g. parks consist of the forest park, zoo, botanical parks (garden), ethnographical parks etc. The constructed classification cover all potential urban green area and is a good basis for establishing the common data base of the urban green area.

 

 

Green infrastucture

Benedict M.A., McMahon E.T., 2002, Green Infrastructure: Smart Conservation for the 21st Century, Sprawl Watch Clearinghouse Monograph Series, www.sprawlwatch.org

 

Cook E.A., 2000, Ecological Network in Urban Landscape, Wageningen University Press, The Netherlands, p. 201

 

Erickson D. L., Louisse A. F., 1997, Greenway Implementation in Metropolitan Regions: A Comparative Case Study of North American Examples, A report to The National Park Service Rivers, Trails and Conservation Assistance Program and Rails-toTrails Conservancy of Michigan for use in implementing The Southeast Michigan Greenways Project, School of Natural Resource and Environment, Ann Arbor, Michigan, p. 39

 

Fabos J.Gy., Ahern J.(ed), 1996, Greenways: the Beginning of an International Movement, Elsevier, Amsterdam, p.491

 

Flink C.A., Searns R.M., 1993, Greenways &endash; A Guide to Planning, Design, and Development, Island Press, Washington, D.C., Covelo, California, p. 351

 

Hall P., 1996, Cities of Tomorrow: An Intelectual History of Urban Planning and Design in the Twentieth Century, Blackwell Publishers, Oxford UK, p. 502

 

Labaree J. M., 1992, How Greenways Work: A handbook on ecology, Ipswich, MA: National Park Service and Atlantic Center for the Environment, p. 50

 

Laurie I.C. 1979, Nature in Cities, The Natural Environment in the Design and Development of Urban Green Space, John Wiley&Sons, New York, p.428

 

Lynch K., 1984, Good City Form, The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, p. 514

 

Spirn A.W., 1984, The Granite Garden: Urban Nature and Human Design, Basic Books, Inc., Publishers, p. 334

 

Steiner F.R., 1981, The Politics of New Town Planning &endash; the new Fields, Ohio Story, Ohio University Press, Ohio, p. 266

 

 

Papers - greenways

 

Cook E., 2000, Assessing the viability of urban ecological networks utilizing landscape structure indicators, (in) Fragmentation and Land Use Planning: Analysis and Beyond, Proceedings of the Third International Workshop on Sustainable Land Use Planning, June 19-21, 2000, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

 

Erickson D. L., 2002, The Relationship of Historic City form and Contemporary Greenway Implementation: A Comparison of Milwaukee, Wisconsin (USA) and Ottawa, Ontario (Canada) [in] Urban and Landscape Planning (in Press)

 

Erickson D. L., 2002, Connecting Corridors: Implementing Metropolitan Greenway Networks in North America [in] Jongma R. (in Press)

 

Hopkins M.I.W., 2001, Exploring the links between urban motphology and urban ecology, Urban Morphology Vol. 5, No 1, Journal of the International Seminar on Urban Form, p.51-53

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