European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research -

COST Action C11

Working Group 2 - Spatial planning and greenspace

National data on planning systems

Italy

Spain

Norway

Netherlands

Poland

England

Germany

Denmark

France

Sweden

Finland

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Spatial planning in Finland

Inkeri Vähä-Piikkiö

Finland

Basic information (to be expanded)

Planning systems in the Society: democratic (?) social agreements for some time.

Land use planning has tradionally been used in Finland to start construction or to settle infrastructure/estate interests.

The Finnish land use planning is shortly described in the following at system level and function in (national)/regional/municipal local plans: 

 

National

 

The governmental goals for land use (2000) define ecologically sustainable development as sustainable use of energy and materials, tolerable

pollution and preserving biodiversity- ? Biodiversity is seen as recreational, tourist and shoreline issues in regional planning.

Urban densification is needed for housing policy especially in the Capital Region.

 &endash; The rhetoric EIA does not find any environmental/political hotspots .

 

 

Regional

 

Traditionally The Plans for Nature Conservation and Recreation, but now:  If any, the urbanisation goals follow regional economic, infrastructure and

housing policies (ERD). Biodiversity is seen as late national conservation areas, in the Capital Region rural elk trails and present public rural

recreation areas in the fringe(!). 

 

 

 

Municipal General and Local Plans:

 

Utmost importance locally! No Green Structure Plans! Depending on the growth and politics: Mainly for housing, estate business uses or traffic

planning (Helsinki 1994-2000). Urban greeneries one of the least issues. Minimal national conservation + planned greeneries, standard

recreative parks (average total costs less than 0,3 % Municipal Annual Budjets).  Institutionalised reprecentative democracy somewhat in a

crisis with passive voters- local participatory campaigns. 

National data on planning systems

Italy

Spain

Belgium?

Netherlands

France

Poland

England

Germany

Denmark

Norway?

Lithuania?

Czech Republic?

Finland

Sweden

Meetings

Background

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